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- ItemOpen AccessDeviant, deranged, or damsel-in-distress?: missing women and the American press, 1900-1920(0023-06-29) Ginter, Cara; Elvins, Sarah (History); Guard, Julie (Labour Studies); Medoro, Dana (English); Churchill, DavidOn June 20th, 1917, the Buffalo Evening News made the shocking claim that “800 GIRLS DISAPPEAR FROM NEW YORK HOMES." This article, featured on the newspaper's front page, informed readers that more than eight hundred girls had gone missing in the last six months. The article went on to reassure readers that a police inquiry was underway. By 1917, the “missing girl” problem was well-established in American newspapers. Dozens of articles were published in the first two decades of the twentieth century lamenting the crisis and demanding answers. Although many of these “missing girls” had fallen victim to violence, others disappeared in the pursuit of opportunity, freedom, and passion. These disappearances often served as fodder for a hungry press looking for compelling stories that would sell papers. Scandal and sensation featured prominently on the front pages of newspapers as they competed for larger shares of the reading public. Reports of missing women, especially from among the middle and upper classes, were particularly useful in catching and holding the attention of readers. Missing women narratives developed into a genre of their own. Progressive Era journalists generally categorized missing women in one of three ways: deviant, deranged, or a damsel-in-distress. The application of these categorizations and the scope of coverage a story received were determined by a woman's class and race. Whereas both upper and middle-class women received significant coverage, the tone of that coverage varied. While suspicion of deviance almost immediately tainted stories about upper-class women, journalists presented middle-class women as vulnerable to danger due to their presumed respectability. In sharp contrast, working-class women, immigrant women, and women of colour generally received little attention when they went missing. When journalists did pick up the story, they generally portrayed these women as insane or deviant. These stories provide insight into the anxieties of the Progressive Era and demonstrate how journalists used specific missing women narratives to highlight larger social issues of the period.
- ItemOpen AccessAn exploration into the social impact of COVID-19 on persons with disabilities living in Kumasi, the Ashanti region of Ghana(0023-08-16) Osei-Kuffour, Rita; Driedger, Diane (Disability Studies); Baffoe, Michael (Social Work); Hansen, NancyAlthough simulations from literature evidence and theories about the vulnerability of people with disabilities abound, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with disabilities is largely unexplored in Ghana, thereby creating a research gap. In this study, the social and economic impacts of the pandemic on people with physical and visual disabilities were probed. The empirical evidence was gathered from the Ashanti region of Ghana, a known region with a high population of disabled people. The phenomenological research design was utilized, as it aided in studying the lived experiences of disabled people. Ethical approval was sought from the Human Ethics Office (HEO) of the University of Manitoba, while permission was sought from the Ghana Blind Union and Ghana Association of the Physically Disabled, Kumasi chapters. Using the purposive sampling technique, physically and visually impaired people were recruited if they met the following criteria: (i) 18 years old and above; (ii) willing to be interviewed; (iii) willing to be recorded; (iv) willing to voluntarily provide informed consent to participate in the study; and (v) able to communicate in Ashanti Twi or English language – the commonly spoken languages in the study area. In-depth telephone interviews were used as the data collection tool for this study, while the interview guide served as the data collection instrument. The data was analyzed to reflect the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) as double hermeneutics where participants interpret their experiences, then the researcher interprets the interpretation of their experiences. High awareness of COVID-19 and perceptions ranging from the transmission and deadly attribute of the viral disease was prevalent among the participants. The participants also perceived physical distancing, the wearing of masks and good hygiene practices as means of preventing the spread of the virus. Negative social impacts ranging from isolation, loneliness and feeling dejected – all which deleteriously impacted their mental and psychosocial health. Lastly, varied economic impacts – increased demand for essential goods and services (resulting in high revenue for traders), decreased economic activities – leading to business closures, retrenchment, and high cost of living amid declining incomes were also found among persons with disabilities. Access to support from social networks and the state in addition to religious bodies moderated the economic impacts of COVID-19 on disabled people. Economic recovery programs that are disability-centered must be implemented to offset the economic implications of the pandemic, while mental well-being and psychosocial factors must be factored into disaster management programs to lessen the social impacts of crisis of this nature.
- ItemOpen AccessAncient and modern tragedy as exemplified by the trilogy of Aeschylus and the MacBeth of Shakespeare(1901) Cross, John Hanna
- ItemOpen AccessThe influence of civilization on the North American Indian(1902) MacPherson, Robert JamesThe question is not a new one. Indeed, so much has been said and written on the subject that one might be tempted to think the literature treating of it altogether out of proportion to its importance. Certainly this literature has been so long in accumulating that we are at least led to suppose that nothing new can be said, and that any importance there is in the question was realized long ago. This, however, is not true, for much that is in print on the Indians might, just so far as their well-being is concerned, have been left unwritten. The one thing that gave it birth was the fascination of a subject so congenial to minds fond of real and rarest incident. The history of no other people can afford so much delightful romance, or startling adventure, or courageous enterprise, compressed in so short a period, as can that of the Indians of North America. Hence it is only to comparatively few of the legion of authors that the material importance of the subject has at all appealed, and therefore by even a lesser number that it has been treated in a judicious and interested manner.
- ItemOpen AccessThe organ : its evolution : some famous instruments(1902) Fletcher, Robert Donald
- ItemOpen AccessRome under Augustus and Britain under Victoria compared(1904) Farrow, Arthur William