FGS - Electronic Theses and Practica

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This collection contains University of Manitoba electronic theses and practica.

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 26067
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    Open Access
    ‘There is no such place as away’: residential deconstruction as a method for waste diversion in Canada’s built environment
    (2024-01-18) Velsink, Alexandra; Garcia-Holguera, Mercedes (Architecture); Wilmot, Sarah (City of Edmonton); Sinclair, John
    Waste diversion and reduction continues to be a prominent discussion among Canadian municipalities as we collectively recognize the impact that waste production has on the environment and our future, especially in the context of climate change. Much of the focus in this regard has been on individual waste generation and reduction and the “zero-waste” movement, with less focus on construction, renovation, and demolition (CRD) waste. Research shows that CRD waste contributes between 27% and 40% of total municipal solid waste in Canada and it is estimated that the CRD sector is responsible for 40% of raw material consumption in North America. With an estimated potential of 95% of CRD materials being available for salvage, reuse, repurposing, and recycling, there is a lot of opportunity for growth in responsible CRD waste management. My research shows that deconstruction, rather than demolition of buildings, is an important next step in waste diversion for Canadian municipalities and the waste generated from CRD presents an opportunity to recover a significant amount of resources. This research explores the barriers for deconstruction programs and policies for large, Canadian municipalities, how to overcome those barriers, and establishes a framework for moving forward in a municipal setting, working with the City of Edmonton for a real-world application. The results show that deconstruction has a small foothold in Canada and the US, but there are some leading-edge and developing examples. My framework builds on these and offers a path for actioning residential building deconstruction that can have a significant impact on reducing CRD waste going to landfills.
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    Open Access
    The truth is . . . we are residents of Tivoli: a linguistic exploration of identity presentation and negotiation in the intersubjective space of a truth commission
    (2024-01-19) Francis, Tasheney; Ghomeshi, Jila (Linguistics); Wilkinson, Erin (Linguistics); Nilsson, Anna-Lena (Norwegian University of Science and Technology); Janzen, Terry
    This is a study of the discourse structures of the first six resident witnesses in a truth commission that had garnered national and international attention, this is, the West Kingston Commission of Enquiry in Jamaica (also known as the Tivoli Enquiry). The truth commission was intended to explore what unfolded in a bloody attempt to arrest an alleged area leader of the Tivoli Gardens community. Within the framework of intersubjectivity, the study explores resident witnesses’ presentation of self, their community and their story amidst generally negative perceptions of garrison communities, more specifically the Tivoli Gardens community. These are communities constructed to serve political interests, and are arguably sustained through criminal operations (McGreal 2011; Jaffe 2012; Edmonds 2016). The challenge is escalated when resident witnesses’ cross-examining counsels include attorneys representing the police and the military, who for one, invaded their community on the day in question, and two, are the forces that oppose anti-governmental constructs inherent in garrison communities, such as Tivoli Gardens (Jaffe 2012). For this reason, of great interest within the entire speech situation are the segments in which the resident witnesses are cross-examined by the attorneys representing these entities. This study provides a detailed description of the residents’ representation of self, including how they manage and negotiate their identity amidst opposition. It also foregrounds the usefulness of context in the sense-making process of verbal and non-verbal utterances, and therefore shows and incorporates context in its multi-varied forms. I analyze the discourse, using tools within Dell Hymes’s (1972) speaking grid that allow me to dissect the context accordingly and reveal the communicative patterns in the data as identity is negotiated. I find that linguistic resources of labeling, narrativization, epistemic positioning and evidentials prove useful in co-constructing and strategizing identity formation. Additionally, an intersubjective approach reveals how the intersubjective ‘other’ can index interactants’ identity even in the physical absence of that ‘other’, and in so doing discloses other underlying complex social identities that precede but are relevant to the discourse.
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    Open Access
    Ogimaawabiitong Kenora Chiefs Advisory (KCA) Youth and Family Wellness Camp plant biodiversity project
    (2024-01-12) Tania, Nawrin; McLeod, Sheldon (Natural Resources Institute); Haines, Ryan (Kenora Resource Consultants); Payne, Melissa (Kenora Chiefs Advisory); Davidson-Hunt, Iain
    Kenora Chiefs Advisory (KCA) provides social, health, and educational services to the associated First Nations communities that improve their expertise and well-being. As a project of KCA, the Ogimaawabiitong Kenora Chiefs Advisory Youth and Family Wellness Camp opened in July 2021. In addition to serving as a cultural hub for the surrounding communities, this 326-acre site in Kenora, Ontario, is home to a variety of local plant species of Northwestern Ontario. Understanding the potential of the Camp's vegetation to provide future educational and recreational opportunities for youths and Elders, the Ogimaawabiitong KCA Youth and Family Wellness Camp Plant Biodiversity Project was started as a knowledge-sharing initiative in collaboration with the Camp. The main objective of this project was to survey and list the plant diversity of the KCA Youth and Family Wellness Camp. To accomplish this objective of listing the observed plant biodiversity, deliverables were developed that included a list of all the observed plants at the selected stands and patches, including their GPS coordinate points, a summary report of the habitat, common characteristics, indigenous and modern uses of the observed plants, a map of the selected patches and a booklet that summarized all these information. As this project was intended for learning purposes, the deliverables have provided KCA staff with resources to develop other products and services relevant to the programming they deliver at the Camp. The strategy of inquiry applied to this project was a qualitative strategy named ethnography, and the methodologies to produce the deliverables were observation and document review/analysis. This practicum document contains the deliverables and a critical reflection on the project, explaining what I learned from implementing it. An appendix containing the Integrated Project Plan, which served as a guide for project execution, is also included.
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    Open Access
    Volounteer readiness for emergency management at festivals
    (2023-12-12) Olotu, Debbie; Henhawk, Dan (Kinesiology and Recreation Management); Campbell, Michael (Enviroment and Geography); Van Winkle, Christine
    Festivals, as a prominent sector within the tourism industry, are vulnerable to a growing number of disasters that pose threats to lives and properties. The significance of effective emergency management in the context of festivals has become increasingly apparent as prominent festivals have become integral components of global cultural celebrations. This study aims to investigate the potential insights gained from adopting a service ecosystem perspective in understanding and enhancing emergency management at festivals. The research explores how adopting a service ecosystem perspective provides insight into emergency management and investigates the resources volunteers bring to a festival ecosystem to achieve effective emergency response. The study employs a survey design, incorporating closed and open-ended questions. The findings reveal that festival volunteers are aware of the diverse hazards present, including human, environmental, natural, and infrastructural. They express a desire to contribute to emergency management and exhibit confidence in responding during emergencies. The study also highlights the importance of festival provided emergency management training in enhancing volunteers' confidence and preparedness. Training specific to the festival context equips volunteers with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively respond to emergencies. Participants who received training demonstrated a higher level of confidence in their ability to contribute to emergency management. Additionally, the study underscores the significance of volunteers' familiarity with the festival emergency plan. While a substantial portion of volunteers reported being aware of the plan, many acknowledged their lack of familiarity with its details. This finding emphasizes the need to improve volunteers' knowledge and understanding of the emergency plan to ensure effective coordination and response during emergencies. This research sheds light on the crucial role of volunteers in emergency management at festivals.
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    Open Access
    Sea ice transport and melt, and the loss of multiyear sea ice in a changing Beaufort Sea
    (2024-01-12) Babb, David; Stroeve, Julienne (Environment and Geography); Niemi, Andrea (Biological Sciences); Rigor, Ignatius (University of Washington); Galley, Ryan; Ehn, Jens; Barber, David
    Sea ice is a complex medium that covers up to 15 million km^2 of the northern hemisphere annually; presenting a vast highly reflective surface that cools the global climate, providing a variety of habitats for different Arctic species, and both facilitating on-ice travel for local Inuit while also limiting maritime access to Arctic waters. However, anthropogenic warming is amplified by four times in the Arctic which has driven a dramatic reduction in the extent and thickness of the Arctic ice pack and is projected to render the Arctic Ocean seasonally ice-free by the middle of this century. Underlying the loss of sea ice has been a dramatic transformation in the composition of the ice pack from a predominantly multiyear ice (MYI) cover to an inherently thinner and less resilient seasonal ice cover. Historically, the anticyclonic Beaufort Gyre retained sea ice for years, allowing it to thicken while aging, and distributing MYI throughout the Arctic Ocean. However, increasing melt rates in the Beaufort Sea have interrupted the once continuous journey of sea ice through the Beaufort Gyre, cutting off the redistribution and retention of MYI and thereby significantly contributing to the pan-Arctic transition towards a seasonal ice cover. Within this thesis, I use a combination of in situ and remotely sensed observations of sea ice to examine sea ice loss in the Beaufort Sea and its impact on MYI transport and retention within the Beaufort Gyre. In particular, I will examine how the state of the Beaufort Gyre during winter preconditions the regional ice pack for the melt season, and how preconditioning is playing a greater role as the now thinner ice pack is more mobile. I will then use a novel box model to quantify MYI loss in the Beaufort Sea and examine the associated changes in MYI transport through the Beaufort Gyre. Finally, I will set the broader context of MYI loss in the Beaufort Sea by examining MYI loss across the Arctic Ocean and the relative contributions of export, melt and replenishment, the three factors which collectively dictate the balance of MYI. From this I can speculate on how MYI in the Arctic Ocean will evolve to the point where it will one day cease to exist in a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean.