German Lutherans in the prairie provinces before the First World War : their church background, emigration and new beginning in Canada

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dc.contributor.author Cobb, John M. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-03T19:16:02Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-03T19:16:02Z
dc.date.issued 1991-08-01-01:09T00:00:00Z en_US
dc.identifier ocm72815625 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/3623
dc.description.abstract In this dissertation, the author examines the development of German Lutherans in the prairie provinces against the background of their historical experience in Europe. The evidence indicates that a large majority of the immigrants originated in Russia, especially Volhynia, and in Austria-Hungary especially, Galicia. Here they generally lived in cohesive communities (Gemeinden) centered on church and confessional school. In both Russia and Austria-Hungary their Gemeinden formed, as is it were, "Germanic islands in a Slavic sea.” Only a minority of German Lutherans came from Germany itself. However, the influence of this minority, which included many pastors and writers in the German-language press, was great as German Lutheran church life developed in western Canada. German Lutherans in western Canada, as they are identified from the census, were about twice the number which Lutheran church bodies claimed as members. To the question: why did so many religious people not rejoin the Lutheran church? The study answers: the original pastors who answered the call, to western Canada attempted to guide the settlement of Lutherans back into cohesive Gemeinden such as the latter had experienced in Europe. However, conflict occurred within their parent church body over the question of German missions in Canada. The resulting weakness from this conflict led to the entrance of competing Lutheran church bodies. After 1895 German Lutheran church Life was marked, not only by a weakness in shepherding a large number of immigrants scattered over a huge territory but also by energy robbing and demoralizing ecclesiastical conflict. A consequence of this conflict was that, although all held to an ideology which had gained strength in the minority context of eastern Europe, the Lutheran church bodies in western Canada had but partial success in setting up the parochial schools on which the churches believed their future would depend. en_US
dc.format.extent vii, 429 leaves. en_US
dc.format.extent 19633594 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language en en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights The reproduction of this thesis has been made available by authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research, and may only be reproduced and copied as permitted by copyright laws or with express written authorization from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.title German Lutherans in the prairie provinces before the First World War : their church background, emigration and new beginning in Canada en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.type doctoral thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline History en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US

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