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dc.contributor.supervisor Farenhorst, Annemieke (Soil Science) Kumar, Ayush (Microbiology and Medical Microbiology) en_US
dc.contributor.author Mi, Ruidong
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-02T12:55:40Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-02T12:55:40Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07-27 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2018-07-27T17:40:21Z en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/33194
dc.description.abstract This research examined the microbiological quality of drinking water distribution systems typically encountered in First Nation in Canada. Fecal bacteria and a wide range of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were frequently present in tap water of a community that relies on lake water as the source water to its water treatment plant, whereas this was not the case in communities that rely on groundwater. Fecal bacteria and ARGs were predominantly detected in tap water of homes that had water distributed by a truck for storage in underground cisterns, and not in treated water of homes with piped water. Cistern samples that tested positive for fecal bacteria had free residual chlorine concentrations less than 0.2 mg/L, which is required to suppress microbial growth. We are urging all governments in Canada to strategize how to alternatively deliver clean, running drinking water to families living in these homes. en_US
dc.subject First Nation communities, Antibiotic resistance genes, E. coli, Drinking water en_US
dc.title Microbiological quality of drinking water from first nation communities in Manitoba, Canada en_US
dc.degree.discipline Soil Science en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Zvomuya, Francis (Soil Science) Khafipour, Ehsan (Animal Science,and Medical Microbiology) en_US
dc.degree.level Master of Science (M.Sc.) en_US
dc.description.note October 2018 en_US


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