Diabetes in pregnancy and lung health in offspring: developmental origins of respiratory disease

Thumbnail Image
Azad, Meghan
Moyce, Brittany L
Guillemette, Laetitia
Pascoe, Christopher
Wicklow, Brandy
McGavock, Jonathan
Halayko, Andrew John
Dolinsky, Vernon Wayne
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Diabetes is an increasingly common complication of pregnancy. In parallel with this trend, a rise in chronic lung disease in children has been observed in recent decades. While several adverse health outcomes associated with exposure to diabetes in utero have been documented in epidemiological and experimental studies, few have examined the impact of diabetes in pregnancy on offspring lung health and respiratory disease. We provide a comprehensive overview of current literature on this topic, finding suggestive evidence that exposure to diabetes in utero may have adverse effects on lung development. Delayed lung maturation and increased risk of respiratory distress syndrome have been consistently observed among infants born to mothers with diabetes and these findings are also observed in some rodent models of diabetes in pregnancy. Further research is needed to confirm and characterize epidemiologic observations that diabetes in pregnancy may predispose offspring to childhood wheezing illness and asthma. Parallel translational studies in human pregnancy cohorts and experimental models are needed to explore the role of fetal programming and other potential biological mechanisms in this context.
Maternal Diabetes, Asthma, Lung development, Gestational Diabetes