Predicting breast cancer drug response using a multiple-layer cell line drug response network model

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Huang, Shujun
Hu, Pingzhao
Lakowski, Ted M.
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Abstract Background Predicting patient drug response based on a patient’s molecular profile is one of the key goals of precision medicine in breast cancer (BC). Multiple drug response prediction models have been developed to address this problem. However, most of them were developed to make sensitivity predictions for multiple single drugs within cell lines from various cancer types instead of a single cancer type, do not take into account drug properties, and have not been validated in cancer patient-derived data. Among the multi-omics data, gene expression profiles have been shown to be the most informative data for drug response prediction. However, these models were often developed with individual genes. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a drug response prediction model for BC using multiple data types from both cell lines and drugs. Methods We first collected the baseline gene expression profiles of 49 BC cell lines along with IC50 values for 220 drugs tested in these cell lines from Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC). Using these data, we developed a multiple-layer cell line-drug response network (ML-CDN2) by integrating a one-layer cell line similarity network based on the pathway activity profiles and a three-layer drug similarity network based on the drug structures, targets, and pan-cancer IC50 profiles. We further used ML-CDN2 to predict the drug response for new BC cell lines or patient-derived samples. Results ML-CDN2 demonstrated a good predictive performance, with the Pearson correlation coefficient between the observed and predicted IC50 values for all GDSC cell line-drug pairs of 0.873. Also, ML-CDN2 showed a good performance when used to predict drug response in new BC cell lines from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE), with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.718. Moreover, we found that the cell line-derived ML-CDN2 model could be applied to predict drug response in the BC patient-derived samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Conclusions The ML-CDN2 model was built to predict BC drug response using comprehensive information from both cell lines and drugs. Compared with existing methods, it has the potential to predict the drug response for BC patient-derived samples.
BMC Cancer. 2021 May 31;21(1):648