## Topics in the Notion of Amenability and its Generalizations for Banach Algebras

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##### Date

2010-09-14T13:49:57Z

##### Authors

Makareh Shireh, Miad

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##### Abstract

This thesis has two parts. The first part deals with some questions in amenability. We show that for a Banach algebra A with a bounded approximate identity, the amenability of the projective tensor product of A with itself, the amenability of the projective tensor product of A with A^op and the amenability of A are equivalent. Also if A is a closed ideal in a commutative Banach algebra B, then the (weak) amenability of the projective tensor product of A and B implies the (weak) amenability of A. Finally, we show that if the Banach algebra A is amenable through multiplication π then is also amenable through any multiplication ρ such that the norm of π-ρ is less than 1/( 11).
The second part deals with questions in generalized notions of amenability such as approximate amenability and bounded approximate amenability. First we prove some new results about approximately amenable Banach algebras. Then we state a characterization of approximately amenable Banach algebras and a characterization of boundedly approximately amenable Banach algebras.
Finally, we prove that B(l^p (E)) is not approximately amenable for Banach spaces E with certain properties. As a corollary of this part, we give a new proof that B(l^2) is not approximately amenable.

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##### Keywords

amenability, approximate amenability, bounded approximate amenability