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dc.contributor.supervisorMartin, Garry (Psychology)en
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Kendra M.
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-04T13:26:44Z
dc.date.available2011-04-04T13:26:44Z
dc.date.issued2011-04-04T13:26:44Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1993/4434
dc.description.abstractA widely used instructional method for teaching children with autism is Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). DTT is made up of a series of brief teaching trials, with each trial including an antecedent (e.g., an instruction from the teacher), a response from the child, and an immediate consequence (e.g., a reinforcer provided for a correct response). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, Experiment 1 assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching 4 pairs of newly-hired ABA tutors how to apply 21 components of DTT to teach 3 tasks to a confederate role-playing a child with autism. In Experiment 2, a group of 8 additional tutors were each independently presented with the same procedure. In both experiments, in Phase 1(baseline), tutors attempted to teach the 3 tasks to the confederate. In Phase 2 (manual), tutors mastered a 37-page self-instructional manual and once again attempted to teach the same 3 tasks to the confederate. Phase 3 was a within-subject AB design component. That is, if tutors did not meet a DTT mastery criterion of 80% after studying the manual in Phase 2, then they watched a brief video demonstration of a DTT expert teaching a task to a child role-playing a child with autism (Fazzio, 2007), and then once again attempted to teach the 3 tasks to the confederate. Across both experiments: a) The 16 tutors averaged 4.6 hours to master the self-instructional manual, and showed an average improvement in DTT accuracy of 32.2% from baseline; b) For the 13 tutors who did not meet the mastery criterion after reading the manual, their average DTT performance improved an additional 12% after watching the video; c) 13 of the 16 participants met mastery (3 after the manual and 10 after the manual plus video), and the other 3 tutors were very close to mastery. The results suggest that the training package is a practical, economical and efficient method of instructing newly-hired tutors in ABA programs for children with autism.en
dc.format.extent2813923 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subjectautismen
dc.subjectdiscrete-trials teachingen
dc.subjectapplied behavior analysisen
dc.titleEvaluation of a self-instructional package for teaching tutors to conduct discrete-trials teaching with children with autismen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.typedoctoral thesisen_US
dc.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommitteeYu, C.T. (Psychology) Cornick, Angela (Psychology) Hrycaiko, Dennis (Kinesiology and Recreation Management) Matson, Johnny (Louisiana State University)en
dc.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)en_US
dc.description.noteMay 2011en


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