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dc.contributor.author Jarmasz, Jessica S
dc.contributor.author Stirton, Hannah
dc.contributor.author Davie, James R
dc.contributor.author Del Bigio, Marc R
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-01T04:56:52Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01-11
dc.identifier.citation Clinical Epigenetics. 2019 Jan 11;11(1):5
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1186/s13148-018-0596-7
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/33734
dc.description.abstract Abstract Background Epigenetic (including DNA and histone) modifications occur in a variety of neurological disorders. If epigenetic features of brain autopsy material are to be studied, it is critical to understand the post-mortem stability of the modifications. Methods Pig and mouse brain tissue were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded, or frozen after post-mortem delays of 0, 24, 48, and 72 h. Epigenetic modifications frequently reported in the literature were studied by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA methylation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. We constructed a tissue microarray of human neocortex samples with devitalization or death to fixation times ranging from < 60 min to 5 days. Results In pig and mouse brain tissue, we found that DNA cytosine modifications (5mC, 5hmC, 5fC, and 5caC) were stable for ≥ 72 h post-mortem. Histone methylation was generally stable for ≥ 48 h (H3K9me2/K9me3, H3K27me2, H3K36me3) or ≥ 72 h post-mortem (H3K4me3, H3K27me3). Histone acetylation was generally less stable. The levels of H3K9ac, H3K27ac, H4K5ac, H4K12ac, and H4K16ac declined as early as ≤ 24 h post-mortem, while the levels of H3K14ac did not change at ≥ 48 h. Immunohistochemistry showed that histone acetylation loss occurred primarily in the nuclei of large neurons, while immunoreactivity in glial cell nuclei was relatively unchanged. In the human brain tissue array, immunoreactivity for DNA cytosine modifications and histone methylation was stable, while subtle changes were apparent in histone acetylation at 4 to 5 days post-mortem. Conclusion We conclude that global epigenetic studies on human post-mortem brain tissue are feasible, but great caution is needed for selection of post-mortem delay matched controls if histone acetylation is of interest.
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.title DNA methylation and histone post-translational modification stability in post-mortem brain tissue
dc.type Journal Article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.rights.holder The Author(s).
dc.date.updated 2019-02-01T04:56:52Z


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