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dc.contributor.supervisor Gong, Yuewen (Pharmacy) en_US
dc.contributor.author Omar, Refaat
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-22T15:52:37Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-22T15:52:37Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/30982
dc.description.abstract Hepatic fibrosis is a serious health problem in many parts of the world. However, its treatment remains severely limited because of inadequate target specificity. HSC are the largest reservoir of vitamin A in the body. They are also the principal players responsible for the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. Targeting HSC is an effective strategy for treatment of liver fibrosis. The specific association of BMP4 with various liver diseases including liver fibrosis makes it an ideal candidate for targeting HSC cells using siRNA. The objective of this study is to develop and characterize vitamin A (VA)-coupled liposomes for the targeted delivery of BMP4-siRNA to cultured HSC. DOTAP/DOPE liposomes surfaces were prepared by thin film hydration and their surfaces were decorated with VA (1:2 mol/mol). Particle size and zeta potential were determined using ZetaPALS. In addition, the siRNA binding efficiency was determined by ultra-centrifugation and fluorescence assays. The cytotoxicity of VA-conjugated liposomes was evaluated by the WST-1 cytotoxicity assay. Inhibition of BMP4 and α-SMA was determined by real time PCR and ELISA. Their average particle size was in the range of 100-120 nm and they exhibited zeta potential around +45 mV. VA-coated liposomes were mixed with BMP4-siRNA, forming lipoplexes with particle sizes less than 200 nm and zeta potential around +25 mV. The presence of VA did not alter the siRNA binding efficiency, it also had no effect on cytotoxicity, but resulted in enhanced cellular uptake of siRNA as shown by flow cytometry. There was a significant reduction in BMP4 mRNA with VA-coupled liposomes carrying BMP4-siRNA. Moreover, BMP4 gene silencing was accompanied by a significantly reduced the expression of the potent fibrinogenic α-SMA at mRNA and protein levels. In conclusion, VA-coated liposomes were successfully able to target and deliver BMP4-siRNA to HSC. This could offer an interesting perspective for the treatment of liver fibrosis. en_US
dc.subject Drug delivery en_US
dc.subject siRNA en_US
dc.subject BMP4 en_US
dc.subject Liver fibrosis en_US
dc.title Targeted delivery of BMP4-siRNA to hepatic stellate cells for treatment of liver fibrosis en_US
dc.degree.discipline Pharmacy en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Burczynski, Frank (Phamacy) Minuk, Gerald (Internal Medicine) en_US
dc.degree.level Master of Science (M.Sc.) en_US
dc.description.note February 2016 en_US


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