Health-related quality of life worsens by school age amongst children with food allergy

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Thörnqvist, Victoria
Middelveld, Roelinde
Wai, Hay M
Ballardini, Natalia
Nilsson, Evalill
Strömquist, Jennie
Ahlstedt, Staffan
Nilsson, Lennart J
Protudjer, Jennifer L P
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Abstract Background Food allergy is negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQL). Although differences exist between parents and children, less is known about age-specific differences amongst children. As such, we aimed to identify if age, as well as other factors, are associated with food allergy-specific HRQL in an objectively defined population of children. Methods Overall, 63 children (boys: n = 36; 57.1%) with specialist-diagnosed food allergy to 1 + foods were included. Parents/guardians completed the Swedish version of a disease-specific questionnaire designed to assess overall- and domain-specific HRQL. Descriptive statistics and linear regression were used. Results The most common food allergy was hen’s egg (n = 40/63; 63.5%). Most children had more than one food allergy (n = 48; 76.2%). Nearly all had experienced mild symptoms (e.g. skin; n = 56/63; 94.9%), and more than half had severe symptoms (e.g. respiratory; 39/63; 66.1%). Compared to young children (0–5 years), older children (6–12 years) had worse HRQL (e.g. overall HRQL: B = 0.60; 95% CI 0.05–1.16; p < 0.04.). Similarly, multiple food allergies, and severe symptoms were significantly associated with worse HRQL (all p < 0.05) even in models adjusted for concomitant allergic disease. No associations were found for gender or socioeconomic status. Conclusion Older children and those with severe food allergy have worse HRQL.
Clinical and Translational Allergy. 2019 Feb 07;9(1):10