A randomized trial evaluating the utility of non-targeted biopsies for colorectal neoplasia detection in adults with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study protocol

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Murthy, Sanjay K.
Marderfeld, Luba
Fergusson, Dean
Ramsay, Tim
Bernstein, Charles N.
Nguyen, Geoffrey C.
Jairath, Vipul
Riddell, Robert
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Abstract Background Persons with inflammatory bowel diseases are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer and require frequent colonoscopy surveillance. Guidelines recommend taking 30 to 40 non-targeted biopsies throughout the colorectum to detect “invisible” neoplasia in this setting, despite a lack of evidence supporting this practice. We sought to assess the utility of this practice through a randomized controlled trial. We first propose an internal pilot study to assess recruitment potential, protocol adherence and data capture to guide the full trial. Methods We have designed a multi-centre, parallel-group, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial to test the utility of non-targeted biopsies as an adjunct to colonoscopy surveillance for neoplasia detection in persons with inflammatory bowel disease involving the colorectum in routine clinical practice. Participants are randomized 1:1, stratified by study site, to either standard of care high-definition white-light colonoscopy with 32 to 40 non-targeted biopsies of non-neoplastic-appearing mucosa along with a sampling of abnormal-appearing mucosa (control group) or modified colonoscopy with targeted sampling alone (intervention group). The primary outcome for the full trial will be the proportion of persons with ≥ 1 neoplastic focus detected during colonoscopy. For the pilot phase, we will assess the feasibility of recruiting a minimum of 15% of the estimated sample size within 1 year, under identical conditions as the full trial, while maintaining ≥ 90–95% rate of protocol adherence and data capture. These participants will contribute data to the full trial. The trial is being conducted at 12 centres across Canada, with a total sample size of 1952 persons. Discussions The trial protocol has been approved by the ethics committees of all participating sites, and the pilot study has received funding through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (PJT 159607). If feasibility metrics are met during the pilot phase, we will complete the full trial. The trial outcomes will contribute to update the practice guidelines in this area. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04067778.
Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2024 Feb 01;10(1):20