Adherence with epinephrine autoinjector prescriptions in primary care

Thumbnail Image
Abrams, Elissa M
Singer, Alexander G
Lix, Lisa
Katz, Alan
Yogendran, Marina
Simons, F. E R
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Abstract Background The aim of this study was to estimate primary adherence for epinephrine autoinjector (EA) prescriptions in primary care practices in Manitoba, Canada. Methods A retrospective analysis of electronic medical record and administrative data was performed to determine primary adherence, defined as dispensation of a new EA prescription within 90 days of the date the prescription was written. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to test predictors of filling an EA prescription. Results Of 1212 EA prescriptions written between 2012 and 2014, only 69.9% (N = 847) were filled. An increased number of prescriptions for non-EA mediations was associated with an increased odds ratio of not filling an EA prescription. Interpretation This is the first study in Canada to examine adherence for EA prescriptions. The non-adherence rate identified is higher than rates previously reported in the literature, and indicates that many EA prescriptions for adults seen in primary care may never be filled. It also suggests that prescriptions of EAs for all patients at risk of anaphylaxis in community settings should consistently be accompanied by concise information about the importance of having the EA prescription filled and having the EA readily available.
Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. 2017 Nov 10;13(1):46