A smart textile fibre from biomass of Brassica napus L. and the impact of cultivar on fibre quality

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Shuvo, Ikra Iftekhar
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Brassica (Brassica napus L.) fibre fits the profile as a sustainable and bio-degradable cellulosic natural fibre for application in industrial textiles and as a smart fibre. The current study investigated the effect of Brassica napus cultivars on textile fibre properties. Four different cultivars were germinated and harvested inside a greenhouse and water retting of the stems produced virgin-retted cellulosic fibres. However, different cultivars required different retting times. B. napus fibres have properties comparable to other commonly used textile fibres, and the potential to be used for apparel and technical textiles. Fibre properties differed among cultivars, such as fibre density and tensile strength showed a statistically significant variation. The most significant finding from this research is the discovery that B. napus fibres are lighter in weight (lower in density) than cotton, hemp, flax, and many industrial fibres, making B. napus an excellent choice for light-weight nonwoven fabrics or eco-composites. The discovery of fibre density for B. napus is a novel finding. The inherent lightweight characteristics of B. napus fibre classify it as a “smart fibre”.
Smart textile fibre, Canola, Biomass, Natural fibre, Brassica napus L., Cultivar, Textile fibre characterization