A cross-jurisdictional and multi-agency information model for emergency management

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Corriveau, Guy M.
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Although organizations at all three orders of government in Canada are dedicated to emergency management, there are indicators that the response structure may be somewhat 'ad-hoc' and that the information system used to support crisis decision-making may not be fully capable of serving the cross-jurisdictional and multi-agency effort usually associated with disaster response. To optimize coordination in crises, public officials involved in the policy and administration of emergency management must better appreciate and more fully address the distinctive communication and information requirements surrounding emergency management. Serving as a baseline for this study were the various criticisms, made post-Red River Basin flood of 1997, that overall coordination across the municipal, provincial and federal jurisdictions was lacking and that decision-making and response activity, in general, were delayed. Based on the literature reviewed, the interviews conducted, the author's personal experience, and the use of Structured Systems Analysis and Design Methodology, this study proposes a simple and effective cross-jurisdictional and multi-agency information model for emergency management. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)