Hypoxia-Inducible Factor -1 contributes to transcriptional regulation of Bcl2-adenovirus E1B 19KDa -interacting protein in hypoxic cortical neurons

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Atoui, Samira
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PARP-1 has been identified as a major player in apoptotic pathways. Its excessive activation causes mitochondrial dysfunction, permeability, and AIF mitochondrion-to-nucleus translocation. It has been suggested that PARP-1 interacts indirectly with Bnip3, a mitochondrial pro-apoptotic factor. However, the mechanistic linkage is still not well understood. Our lab has shown that cytosolic/nuclear NAD+ depletion is a hallmark for PARP-1 over activation and inhibition of sirtuin activity. Specifically in my project, we think that PARP-1 induced- NAD+ depletion and sirtuin inhibition causes hyperacetylation of the α subunit of the transcription factor HIF-1 allowing increased HIF-1 binding to Bnip3 upstream promoter, and increased Bnip3 expression. Indeed, our PARP-1 Knock out neurons, MNNG and PJ34 treatment, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and HIF-1α loss of function studies strongly confirmed the necessity of HIF-1 to increase Bnip3 expression in hypoxia. Overall, our research suggests a role for HIF-1 in increasing PARP-1 dependent Bnip3 expression in hypoxic models.
Stroke, Hypoxia, PARP-1, Bnip3, HIF-1, mitochondrial