Organocatalytic carbon dioxide activation and sequestration: a computational and mechanistic analysis
Killeen, Charles A
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the major waste product of from the burning of wood and petroleum-derived fuels, and a significant contributor to the greenhouse effect in Earth’s atmosphere. Experts fear that the ever-increasing concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere will continue to have adverse effects on our environment, including making global weather patterns more extreme and increasing the acidity of our oceans. While many countries slowly move towards greener and more renewable sources of energy, the increasing industrialization of developing countries continues to drive global demand for fossil fuels and the CO2 emissions that follow. Consequently, current strategies for reducing global CO2 levels must not only focus on reducing emissions but also on the active sequestration of existing CO2 from the atmosphere. In the following work, a study of CO2 sequestration chemistry using organic molecular scaffolds is presented which focuses both on analysis of the existing literature and experimental studies of important chemical reactions and species. Throughout this thesis, the reader is presented with a guide to the critical analysis and further development of organic CO2 sequestration chemistry.