United Nations and African Union peace operations: The case of the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Ampomah, Nora
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The United Nations (UN) and the African Union (AU) have been accused of simply not doing enough in terms of ensuring peace and stability in Africa. This study examines the activities of the UN and the AU in ensuring peace and security in Africa by using the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as a case study. It explores the roles of the UN and the AU, first by looking at how peace operations evolved in the UN, studying the structure, process, and activities of the UN Security Council in this regard during and after the Cold War to establish whether the UN has paid requisite attention and devoted sufficient resources to Africa. The study then continues with an analysis of the AU to discover how the organisation has treated the issue of peace and security on its own continent. In conclusion, the findings indicate there is a significant gap between organizational rhetoric and operational reality for both the UN and the AU.
UN, AU, Peace operations, Conflict, Peacekeeping, Africa, UNSC, PSC, CEWS, APSA