Perceived discrimination among immigrants to Canada: examining some socio-demographic factors
Islam, Md. Aminul
Using data from the General Social Survey (GSS) 2014 involving 7,090 immigrants, this study shows differences in perceptions of discrimination between racialized and non- racialized minority immigrants in Canada. The data from GSS 2014 show that about 19 percent of immigrants perceive discrimination in various situations. The study also reveals that about 23 percent of racialized minority immigrants experience discrimination in different situations, while only around 13 percent non- racialized minority immigrants face this situation. A logistic regression analysis is used to predict the probability of perceiving discrimination. Eight separate models - separate models for racialized and non- racialized minority immigrants, as well as African and Caribbean, South Asian, Chinese, Filipino/a, Latin American, and Middle Eastern immigrants - are developed for examining perceived discrimination among different groups of immigrants. Results show that racialized minority immigrants are more likely to perceive discrimination than their non- racialized minority counterparts. Non- racialized minority younger immigrants are more likely to perceive discrimination than their older immigrant counterparts. Sex only predicts perceived discrimination for non- racialized minority female immigrants, who are less likely to perceive discrimination than their white male counterparts. Results show that more highly racialized minority immigrants especially African and Caribbean and Latin American immigrants experience more discrimination than their less educated African and Caribbean and Latin American counterparts respectively.
Perceived discrimination, Immigrants, Canada