University of Manitoba Scholarship

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This collection contains open access research publications authored or co-authored by University of Manitoba researchers. Content within this collection includes pre and post-print versions of articles and book chapters, conference proceedings and technical reports. MSpace is where faculty and students can deposit their research output to meet the open access requirements of grant funding agencies and other related mandates. Deposit is subject to copyright compliance, distribution license and other license restrictions that may be imposed on the work.

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 2067
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    Open Access
    Winnipeg-based elementary school teachers’ perspectives on food allergy management: a qualitative analysis
    (BMC, 2023-07-14) Santos, Mae J.; Merrill, Kaitlyn; Riediger, Natalie Diane; Abrams, Elissa; Piquemal, Nathalie; Simons, Elinor; Protudjer, Jennifer
    Background Food allergy affects 7-8% of children worldwide. Teachers supervise children in school, where most children spend their day. Yet, teachers have variable food allergy-related knowledge. Objective We aimed to identify how Winnipeg-based elementary school teachers manage food allergy and prevent food-triggered allergic reactions in their classrooms and schools. Methods Kindergarten-Grade 6 public and private school teachers, from Winnipeg, Canada, were interviewed virtually upon providing written informed consent. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The study followed a pragmatic framework. Data were analysed via thematic analysis by multiple researchers. Results We interviewed 16 teachers, who primarily identified as female (87.5%). Most teachers worked in public schools (87.5%) and, on average, had 5.8 years of teaching experience. We identified four themes within the data. Most teachers (68.9%) had direct or indirect experience with food allergy. Theme 1 described the minimal standardization and inconsistent enforcement of food allergy policies between and within schools. Teachers also had varied food allergy knowledge. Theme 2 reflected teachers’ variable confidence/perceived knowledge towards food allergy management, including feeling of stress and anxiety. Theme 3 captured the lack of standardized food allergy education for teachers, and concerns about the adequacy of the current provincial program. Theme 4 described how teachers spoke of relying on other school staff, families and students to have effective communication. Conclusion Teachers’ food allergy management was informed by their knowledge and lived experience, guided by their school policies and individualized students’ needs. Teachers identified gaps in knowledge and communication, and desired more training and resources.
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    Open Access
    “The thing I’m missing the most is just being around other queer people”: critical analysis of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of two-spirit, gay, bisexual, and queer men’s communities in Manitoba, Canada
    (BMC, 2023-07-04) Souleymanov, Rusty; Moore, Samantha; Star, Jared
    Background The purpose of this community-based study was to create and advance knowledge on the social impacts of COVID-19 on mental health of Two-Spirit, gay, bisexual, and queer (2SGBQ+) cisgender and transgender men in Manitoba, Canada. Methods Participants (n = 20) from 2SGBQ + men’s communities were recruited across Manitoba using printed flyers and social media. Individual interviews explored questions relating to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, social isolation, and service access. Data were critically examined using thematic analysis and the social theory of biopolitics. Results Key themes focused on COVID-19 pandemic’s negative impacts on 2SGBQ + men’s mental health, loss of safe queer public spaces, and exacerbated inequities. During the COVID-19 pandemic in Manitoba, 2SGBQ + men experienced a profound loss of social connections, community spaces, and social networks which are specific to their socio-sexual identities, thereby intensifying pre-existing mental health disparities. These findings show how COVID-19 restrictions have come to reinforce the value of close personal communities, families of choice, and social networks among 2SGBQ + men in Manitoba, Canada. Conclusions This study supports the line of research on minority stress, biosociality, and place by highlighting some potential links between 2SGBQ + men’s mental health and their social and physical environments. This research points to important role of safe community spaces, events, and community organizations that support 2SGBQ + men’s mental health.
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    Open Access
    “There definitely should be some more help for families”: a call for federal support for families managing pediatric food allergy
    (BMC, 2023-07-08) Bhamra, Manvir; Harbottle, Zoe; Golding, Michael A.; Ben-Shoshan, Moshe; Gerdts, Jennifer D.; Protudjer, Jennifer
    No abstract was provided.
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    Open Access
    BioLegato: a programmable, object-oriented graphic user interface
    (BMC, 2023-08-21) Alvare, Graham; Roche-Lima, Abiel; Fristensky, Brian
    Background Biologists are faced with an ever-changing array of complex software tools with steep learning curves, often run on High Performance Computing platforms. To resolve the tradeoff between analytical sophistication and usability, we have designed BioLegato, a programmable graphical user interface (GUI) for running external programs. Results BioLegato can run any program or pipeline that can be launched as a command. BioLegato reads specifications for each tool from files written in PCD, a simple language for specifying GUI components that set parameters for calling external programs. Thus, adding new tools to BioLegato can be done without changing the BioLegato Java code itself. The process is as simple as copying an existing PCD file and modifying it for the new program, which is more like filling in a form than writing code. PCD thus facilitates rapid development of new applications using existing programs as building blocks, and getting them to work together seamlessly. Conclusion BioLegato applies Object-Oriented concepts to the user experience by organizing applications based on discrete data types and the methods relevant to that data. PCD makes it easier for BioLegato applications to evolve with the succession of analytical tools for bioinformatics. BioLegato is applicable not only in biology, but in almost any field in which disparate software tools need to work as an integrated system.
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    Open Access
    A scoping review on the association of early childhood caries and maternal gender inequality
    (BMC, 2023-07-26) Sun, Guofang; Duangthip, Duangporn; Kwok, Charis H.; Chu, Chun Ho Terence; Crystal, Yasmi O.; Schroth, Robert; Feldens, Carlos A.; Virtanen, Jorma I.; Al-Batayneh, Ola B.; Gaffar, Balgis; Mfolo, Tshepiso; El Tantawi, Maha; Mohebbi, Simin Z.; Daryanavard, Hamideh; Folayan, Morenike O.
    Aim The objective of this scoping review is to present current evidence regarding the association between early childhood caries (ECC) and maternal-related gender inequality. Methods Two independent reviewers performed a comprehensive literature search using three databases: EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science. Literature published in English from 2012 to 2022 was included in the search and was restricted to only primary research by using the following key terms: "dental caries", "tooth decay", "gender", "sex", "preschool", "toddler," and "infant". The included studies were limited to those reporting an association between ECC and maternal aspects related to gender inequality. Titles and abstracts were screened, and irrelevant publications were excluded. The full text of the remaining papers was retrieved and used to perform the review. The critical appraisal of selected studies was guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Tools. Results Among 1,103 studies from the three databases, 425 articles were identified based on publication years between 2012 and 2022. After full-text screening, five articles were included in the qualitative analysis for this review. No published study was found regarding a direct association between ECC and maternal gender inequality at the level of individuals. Five included studies reported on the association between ECC and potential maternal-gender-related inequality factors, including the mother’s education level (n = 4), employment status (n = 1), and age (n = 1). Regarding the quality of the included studies, out of five, two studies met all JBI criteria, while three partially met the criteria. Conclusions Based on the findings of this scoping review, evidence demonstrating an association between gender inequality and ECC is currently limited.