Rural community development in Mexico : the impact of Mexican recurrent migration to the United States
Wiest, Raymond E.
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This paper addresses long-range implications of Mexican labor migration to the United States for development in a mestizo community of central Mexico: its effect on (1) the migrant's place in the social structure, (2) the distribution of wealth and access to resources, and (3) the productivity level of the sending community. A metropolis-satellite model is used to demonstrate what benefits accrue to the rural sending community from the distribution of migrant earnings, and the extent to which migrant earnings are transferred directly or indirectly to metropolitan centers. It is argued that surface effects of give a distorted view of migration's impact, and that exposition of the underlying effects through class analysis and dependency theory indicates the extent to which the sending community serves the developing interests of the metropolis and keeps the migrants and their community dependent upon continued labor migration.