Testing the benefits of on-street and off-street rapid transit alignments: implications for Winnipeg's Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor
MetadataShow full item record
With the uncertainty of future energy supplies and the impacts of global warming, rapid transit is becoming increasingly important as part of the transportation mix in North American cities. The conventional choice for rapid transit alignments are off-street corridors such as rail and highway right-of-ways. More recently, cities are locating rapid transit projects along arterial street right-of-ways, to influence more transit-supportive development rather than low-density, single use environments common throughout North America. Promoting transit alignments that provide the best opportunity for this type of development, known as development-oriented transit, is essential for influencing a change in urban transportation habits and building more resilient cities. This research analyzes the benefits of these alignments by studying the Euclid Corridor Transportation Project and Red Line in Cleveland, and the Central Corridor and Hiawatha Line in Minneapolis/St. Paul. Visiting these cities and interviewing professionals associated with the projects revealed the benefits of on-street rapid transit by comparing ridership, development potential, placemaking, travel time and safety of both on-street and off-street rapid transit. On-street rapid transit provides the best opportunity for a long-term vision for city building through the creation of dense, mixed-use transit-oriented corridors where people can live, work, recreate, access services and shop. Results and potential implications were presented to professionals in Winnipeg associated with the Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor (SWRTC). The goal was to understand the implications of the findings for the SWRTC and if on-street rapid transit would work along Pembina Highway. Respondents disagreed that an on-street solution was appropriate, which revealed contradictions between the findings from key informant interviews and literature reviewed versus focus group responses. The SWRTC is designed as a flexible route network system that will allow mixed traffic buses to pick up riders in their neighbourhoods and use the dedicated busway to bypass north-south traffic congestion. This plan is focused on minimizing travel time for a suburban to downtown commute, rather than development potential. This research has found that rapid transit alignments should be focused on transit supportive development and providing direct access to places people need to go on a daily basis. On-street rapid transit provides the best opportunity to do so.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Station Area Planning in Winnipeg: Bus rapid transit as a catalyst for changing policies to accommodate Transit-Oriented Development along the Eastern Rapid Transit Corridor Sidhu, Jasreen (2018)Transit-oriented development (TOD) is new to Winnipeg, Manitoba, and has not yet been implemented. The next phase of bus rapid transit service in Winnipeg will be the Eastern Rapid Transit Corridor (ERTC), which will ...
Supporting transit-oriented development along the Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor in Winnipeg: recommendations for station area planning Reaney, Vicky (2011-09-12)This practicum examines the opportunities and challenges for transit-oriented development (TOD) at strategic station areas along the Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor (SWRTC) in Winnipeg. Research included three case studies ...
Investigating CityEngine as an urban geodesign change model for transit-oriented development planning and design along Winnipeg’s future Eastern Rapid Transit Corridor Litovitch, Ryan (2018)Geodesign may potentially be a useful process in the planning and design of transit-oriented development (TOD), where many different stakeholders are involved and where there may be an enormous variety of values, perspectives ...