Sex, lies, & conservation: the design of a botanic garden centred on orchids
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Orchid habitat has been destroyed for centuries and as a result many species, some not even discovered yet, have been lost. From the orchid hunters of the 17th and 18th centuries to the deforestation and reckless collection of orchid species today, orchids and their habitats have continued to be at risk. Efforts such as in situ conservation, an approach to protecting orchids in their natural habitat, and ex situ conservation, the protection and propagation of orchids outside their natural habitat in places such as seed banks, laboratories, herbariums, and botanic gardens, have helped to preserve orchid species all over the world. This work includes the design of a botanic garden centred on orchids and their conservation. Situated in Ecuador, the garden design incorporates research, education, and conservation in a way that is inspiring and delightful to the visiting public. Orchids are featured in the design of the garden, and the conservation of this plant family is emphasized. A history of botanic gardens explores the evolution of this specific type of garden, providing a background for modern-day design. Case study analyses of contemporary botanic gardens provides additional information and insight into the changing role of botanic gardens in the 21st century. This Practicum explores the creation of an educational garden that is also entertaining and challenges the notion of what a botanic garden is today and what it can be in the future.