Ukrainian surnames in Canada
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This thesis presents a study of Ukrainian surnames in Canada, their retention and patterns of change. The introduction is chiefly concerned with the significant literature on Ukrainian anthroponymy and the principles laid down for this work. Part One is divided into five chapters. The first chapter surveys the background and development of early Slavic personal and family names (surnames). The second chapter elaborates upon the types of Ukrainian family names, categorizing them into 1) surnames of relationship; 2) occupation, trade and profession; 3) descriptive characteristics; 4) toponyms; and two categories of non-Ukrainian elements and surnames of dubious or uncertain origin. The third chapter is devoted to the documentation of Ukrainian surnames prior to their transplanting to Canada. This is followed by the fourth chapter, which contains the conclusions of this thesis. The fifth chapter provides a selective semantic classification of Ukrainian surnames found in Canada, excerpted from F. Bogdan's Dictionary of Ukrainian surnames in Canada, with correct English transliteration, Ukrainian spelling and accents. It is through this specific classification that the cultural heritage of Ukrainian surnames in Canada is explained. Part Two examines the Canadianization of Ukrainian surnames. This section is divided into four chapters. The first chapter discusses Canadianization as an important process involved in surname modification. It presents the types of changes and reasons responsible for these altered Ukrainian surnames. The second chapter provides insight into the onomastic and linguistic analysis of over 2,000 Ukrainian surname changes excerpted from the Manitoba Gazette (vols. 86-105), and compiled into dictionary form in the fourth chapter under the following typological scheme: 1) full assimilation, 2) partial assimilation, 3) hybridization and 4) Slavic to Slavic. It is evident from the compiled surname changes that the majority of people who changed their surname were concerned mainly with adapting the original surname to the new host language system, rather than completely modifying it. The concluding chapter attempts to assess the significance and need for further research in Ukrainian anthroponymy in Canada. The Appendix lists approximately 4,700 surnames found in this thesis, in alphabetical order...