The impact of crop return on the likelihood of habitat protection: the case of Manitoba
Wildlife habitat loss in North America has been increasing since the time of European settlement. In Manitoba, conservation agencies are mainly using two methods to slow down the process: fee simple and conservation easement protections. The thesis estimates whether crop return impacts the likelihood of a quarter section getting protected by either fee simple or easement, while controlling for other factors. I utilize the discrete time hazard model for the estimation in this thesis. My results suggest that crop return has a negative impact on the likelihood of both fee simple and easement protections, and when crop return changes from low to medium and high regimes, agencies also change the type of land they protect. Moreover, fee simple method protects different type of land after the Manitoba Conservation Agreements Act was passed in 1997.