Spiritual beliefs and practices compared to psychological strengths: are they unique or overlapping predictors of health in inflammatory bowel disease?

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dc.contributor.supervisor Walker, John (Psychology) en_US
dc.contributor.author Haviva, Clove
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-22T21:52:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-22T21:52:05Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/32889
dc.description.abstract Despite widespread claims that religion benefits physical health, scant research has compared the ability to predict health by different aspects of spirituality and related psychological strengths. 175 Canadians, with the autoimmune-based, chronic illness inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), were surveyed and interviewed. Outcome measures were disease symptoms, physical and mental health. The spiritual variables were attendance at spiritual services, use of prayer, belief in God, belief in an afterlife, and spiritual meaning in life. The psychological constructs were meaning in life, optimism, mastery, peacefulness, social support, and gratitude. Hierarchical linear regression, controlling for health 10 years prior, showed that, as a set, the psychological variables predicted all 3 health outcomes, before and after the influence of the set of spiritual variables was accounted for. The set of spiritual variables did not predict any of the health outcomes, before or after the influence of the psychological variables was accounted for. All psychological variables were positively correlated with mental and physical health. No spiritual variable was correlated with any health measure. There were few correlations between spiritual and psychological variables, but prayer was negatively correlated with mastery and social support. Partial correlations, showing belief in God and belief in an afterlife were negatively correlated with mental health, imply that any religiosity index including beliefs with predictors of positive health may have limited efficacy. In paired squared semipartial correlation, optimism predicted 4 times the variability in mental health, while mastery predicted twice the variability in physical health, therefore, both should be measured routinely in health research. Public health advocates should encourage optimism, mastery, and peacefulness, over spirituality. By bridging the foundations of key health psychology constructs, for the first time directly comparing them and joining them with the spirituality literature, this study builds a new, integrated structure of knowledge. en_US
dc.subject Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) en_US
dc.subject Mastery (perceived control) en_US
dc.subject Optimism en_US
dc.subject Gratitude en_US
dc.subject Meaning in life en_US
dc.subject Social support en_US
dc.subject Peacefulness en_US
dc.subject Prayer en_US
dc.subject Belief in God en_US
dc.subject Belief in an afterlife en_US
dc.subject Attendance at religious services en_US
dc.subject Spirituality en_US
dc.subject Religion en_US
dc.subject Physical health en_US
dc.subject Mental health en_US
dc.subject Spiritual meaning in life en_US
dc.subject Chronic illness en_US
dc.title Spiritual beliefs and practices compared to psychological strengths: are they unique or overlapping predictors of health in inflammatory bowel disease? en_US
dc.degree.discipline Psychology en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Bailis, Dan (Psychology) Starzyk, Katherine (Psychology) Furer, Patricia (Clinical Health Psychology) Segerstrom, Suzanne (University of Kentucky) en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US
dc.description.note May 2018 en_US

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