Isomorphisms of Banach algebras associated with locally compact groups
Abstract
The main theme of this thesis is to study the isometric algebra isomorphisms and the bipositive algebra isomorphisms between various Banach algebras associated with locally compact groups.
Let $LUC(G)$ denote the $C^*$algebra of left uniformly continuous functions with the uniform norm and let $C_0(G)^{\perp}$ denote the annihilator of $C_0(G)$ in $LUC(G)^*$. In Chapter 2 of this thesis, among other results, we show that if $G$ is a locally compact group and $H$ is a discrete group then whenever there exists a weakstar continuous isometric isomorphism between $C_0(G)^{\perp}$ and $C_0(H)^{\perp}$, $G$ is isomorphic to $H$ as a topological group. In particular, when $H$ is discrete $C_0(H)^{\perp}$ determines $H$ within the class of locally compact topological groups.
In Chapter 3 of this thesis, we show that if $M(G,\omega_1)$ (the weighted measure algebra on $G$) is isometrically algebra isomorphic to $M(H,\omega_2)$, then the underlying weighted groups are isomorphic, i.e. there exists an isomorphism of topological groups $\phi:G\to H$ such that $\small{\displaystyle{\frac{\omega_1}{\omega_2\circ\phi}}}$ is multiplicative. Similarly, we show that any weighted locally compact group $(G,\omega)$ is completely determined by its Beurling group algebra $L^1(G,\omega)$, $LUC(G,\omega^{1})^*$ and $L^1(G,\omega)^{**}$, when the two last algebras are equipped with an Arens product. Here, $LUC(G,\omega^{1})$ is the weighted analogue of $LUC(G)$, for weighted locally compact groups.
In Chapter 4 of this thesis, we show that the order structure combined with the algebra structure of each of the Banach algebras $L^1(G,\omega)$, $M(G,\omega)$, $LUC(G,\omega^{1})^*$ and $L^1(G,\omega)^{**}$ completely determines the underlying topological group structure together with a constraint on the weight. In particular, we obtain new proofs for a previously known result of Kawada and results of Farhadi as special cases of our results. Finally, we provide an example of a bipositive algebra isomorphism between Beurling measure algebras that is not an isometry.
We conclude this thesis with a selective list of open problems.
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