Analyzing the Biological Role of Human DREF and its Interaction with the Adenovirus E1A Protein
Early region 1A (E1A) protein is the first protein expressed following viral infection. E1A proteins initiate the cell cycle in infected cell by altering cellular gene expression and also activate expression of other viral genes enabling viral replication. The C-terminus of E1A is the least-characterized region of the protein, with few known binding partners, however DREF has been identified as a novel binding partner. My studies have determined that DREF directly binds to E1A and has a role in the virus life cycle. DREF is a restriction factor for virus growth and is a component of viral replication centres. DREF is SUMOylated and SUMOylation appears to affect localization to viral replication centres. DREF co-localizes with PML bodies and subcellular distribution of DREF is altered by the presence of E1A. This work provides a platform to study the role of DREF in uninfected cells, and in HAdV biology and its possible role in antiviral response.