Sarpogrelate diminishes changes in energy stores and ultrastructure of the ischemic-reperfused rat heart
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Although the involvement of serotonin in exacerbating vascular abnormalities in ischemic heart disease has been established, its role in mediating changes in cardiac function due to ischemia reperfusion (IR) is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a serotonin blocker, sarpogrelate (5-HT2A antagonist), in preventing cardiac injury due to IR. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 1 h of reperfusion. Sarpogrelate (50 nM-0.9 muM) was infused 10 min before ischemia as well as during the reperfusion period. The IR-induced changes in left ventricular developed pressure, left ventricular end diastolic pressure, rate of pressure development, and rate of pressure decay were attenuated (P < 0.05) with sarpogrelate treatment. Sarpogrelate also decreased the ultrastructural damage and improved the high energy phosphate level in the IR hearts (P < 0.05). This study provides evidence for the attenuation of IR-induced cardiac injury by 5-HT2A receptor blockade and supports the view that serotonin may contribute to the deleterious effects of IR in the heart.