Direct numerical simulation of physiological pulsatile flow through arterial stenosis
Khair, Md. Abul
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In this research, pulsatile blood flow through a modeled arterial stenosis assuming Newtonian and non-Newtonian viscous behavior is simulated using direct numerical simulation (DNS). A serial FORTRAN code has been parallelized using OpenMP to perform DNS based on available high performance shared memory parallel computing facilities. Numerical simulations have been conducted in the context of a channel with varying the degree of stenosis ranging from 50% to 75%. For the pulsatile flow studied, the Womersley number is set to 10.5 and Reynolds number varies from 500 to 2000, which are characteristic of human arterial blood flows. In the region upstream of the stenosis, the flow pattern is primarily laminar. Immediately after the stenosis, the flow recirculates and an adverse streamwise pressure gradient exists near the walls and the flow becomes turbulent. In the region far downstream of the stenosis, the flow is re-laminarized for both Newtonian and non-Newtonian flows.