Impacts of 1.5 and 2.0 °C Warming on Pan-Arctic River Discharge Into the Hudson Bay Complex Through 2070

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MacDonald, Matthew
Stadnyk, Tricia
Déry, Stephen J.
Braun, Marco
Gustafsson, David
Isberg, Kristina
Arheimer, Berit
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American Geophysical Union
Discharge projections into the Hudson Bay Complex to 2070 are investigated for global mean temperature warming levels of 1.5 and 2.0 °C. Median precipitation increases from 1986–2005, ranging from 2% during summer to 19% during winter, are projected to increase discharge in all seasons except summer. The rise in discharge is greatest furthest north, into Foxe Basin, Ungava Bay, and Hudson Strait, exceeding 10% above historical annual means. A 2.0 °C warming results in higher discharge than 1.5 °C warming owing to greater precipitation (e.g., 6.5% greater spring discharge increase); however, summer discharge for 2.0 °C warming is lower due to enhanced evaporation and lower precipitation increase from historical (4.0% lower summer discharge increase). Extreme daily high flows are projected to be greater than historical, more so for 2.0 °C warming than 1.5 °C warming, and this is greatest in the eastern and northern regions. These projections suggest continued increasing river discharge into pan-Arctic coastal oceans.
Hudson Bay Complex, global warming, discharge, climate change
MacDonald, M. K., Stadnyk, T. A., Déry, S. J., Braun, M., Gustafsson, D., Isberg, K., Arheimer, B., 2018. Impacts of 1.5 and 2.0 °C warming on pan-Arctic river discharge into the Hudson Bay Complex through 2070. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45: 7561–7570.