An investigation into the effects of L-Arabinofuranose O-glycosylation of hydroxyproline
The amino acid (2S, 4R)-4-hydroxyproline (Hyp) plays a critical role in animal kingdom as structural protein collagen. It is ubiquitous in plant cell walls performing various functions such as structural assembly, plant hormones, plant growth, defense against pathogens, etc. Glycosylation of Hyp is often seen in plant cell walls with L-Arabinofuranose and D-Galactopyranose and not in animal kingdom. Glycosylation is a post-translational modification, which affects characteristics of proteins and peptides. The main objective of this thesis is to synthesize various L-arabinofuranosylated hydroxyproline model amides and investigate their thermodynamic and kinetic properties of cis/trans amide isomerization. These results are compared with the previous research of D-galactopyranosylated hydroxyproline model amides, which may provide an insight to structural implications for their stability and conformations of peptides and specificity in plants. Both - and -L-arabinosylation of Hyp resulted in the stabilization of trans rotameric state at room temperature while the α-anomer leads to cis rotamer stabilization at higher temperature. Similarly, both unnatural 4S-hydroxyproline (hyp) building blocks resulted in stabilization of trans rotamer but α-anomer shows exo configuration instead of endo. This result shows a reverse trend when compared to galactosylated hydroxyproline building blocks as previous research results in our group. Our results may provide further insight to the role of glycosylation on protein structure and stability in plants.
O-glycosylation, hydroxyproline, cis-trans isomerization, arabinofuranose, carbohydrates