Role of protease activation in sarcolemma Na+-K+-ATPase activity in the heart due to ischemia-reperfusion

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Muller, Alison L.
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Previous studies have shown that ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with cardiac dysfunction and depression in sarcolemmal Na+-K+-ATPase activity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of proteases in these alterations by subjecting rat hearts to different times of global ischemia, and reperfusion after 45 min of ischemia. Decreases in Na+-K+-ATPase activity at 60 min of global ischemia were associated with augmented activities of both calpain and MMPs and depressed protein content of β1- and β2-subunits, without changes in α1- and α2-subunits of the enzyme. However, reperfusion of ischemic heart produced depression in Na+-K+-ATPase activity, no change in the augmented calpain activity, but decreases in augmented MMP-2 activity and Na+-K+-ATPase content. MDL28170, a calpain inhibitor, was more effective in attenuating I/R-induced alterations than doxycycline, an MMP inhibitor. Incubation of control SL preparation with calpain, unlike MMP-2, depressed Na+-K+-ATPase activity and decreased α1, α2 and β2 without changes in β1. These results support the view that activation of calpain is involved in depressing Na+-K+-ATPase activity and degradation of its subunits in hearts subjected to I/R injury. 
cardiac, protease, ischemia-reperfusion, Na+-K+-ATPase, sarcolemma, calpain, matrix metalloproteinases