Planning a functional junior high school plant

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Scurfield, Jack Milburn
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The Winnipeg school Board for 1954 is faced with the problem of providing accommodation for the enormously increased school population presently in the elementary school but soon to overflow into the secondary schools. The School Board must commence at once a buliding programme to meet this need. Winnipeg adopted the 6-3-3 system of school organization as long ago as 1919. This calls for six years in elementary school, three years in junior high school and three years in high school. To date there has not yet been built in Winnipeg a school deisigned for junior high school purposes: a school built to meet the special needs of that important segment of the school population, the adolescent youth of grades 7-9. The purpose of this thesis is to present details for the building and equipping of a truly functional school plant to serve the needs of the junior high school child. The planning has been based on the philosophy of education for Manitoba schools as propounded in the Programme of Studies for the Schools of Manitoba, on the special purposes and functions of the Junior High School according to the best authorities and on the recognized special needs of the adolescent at the junior high school age level. The method employed by the author was briefly as follows: A committee of teachers and junior high school principals, of which the author was the convenor, was appointed in 1933 by the Superintendent of the Winnipeg Schools to investigatge plans for building and equipping a functional junior high school plant. Meetings of this committee were held weekly, from September, 1953, to February, 1954. Visits to schools were made by members of the committee, and many more visits to other schools were made by the author to study the desirable and undesirable structural features of these new elementary or high schools. The special directors of art, music, home economics, industrial arts, and physical training met with the committee and submitted recommendations for the departments in which they were especially interested. The superintendents supplied information and co-operated in every way possible. From these meetings and discussions the author prepared questionnaires on various features and space areas of the proposed junior high school plant. These questionnaires were submitted to the junior high school principals of Winnipeg and to some teachers. From their replies and further studies of the committee a list of recommendations was prepared and given to the superintendent of schools to present to the School Board. Later the author and members of the committee had the priviledge of presenting these plans to the Winnipeg School Board...