Comparison of Ethinylestradiol and Nitrogen Removal in a Conventional and Simultaneous Nitrification-Denitrification Membrane Bioreactor
The purpose of this thesis was to compare ethinylestradiol (EE2) and nitrogen removal in a conventional membrane bioreactor (C-MBR) and a simultaneous nitrification-denitrification membrane bioreactor (SND-MBR). Two MBRs were operated in parallel for 450 days; various MBR operating parameters, total nitrogen removal, and estrogenic activity removal (EA) were measured. The SND-MBR was able to remove 59% of influent TN with an additional 21% removed via sludge wasting; the C-MBR had a TN removal efficiency of only 31%. The C-MBR and SND-MBR removed 57% and 58% of influent EA, respectively. Biodegradation was the dominant removal mechanism for both reactors with KBIO coefficients of 1.5 ± 0.6 and 1.6 ± 0.4 days-1 for the C-MBR and the SND-MBR, respectively. Adsorption removed approximately 1% of influent EA in each reactor. This indicates that SND was able remove greater amounts of TN with no observable impact on EA reduction and membrane operations.
nitrogen, membrane bioreactor, simultaneous nitrification-denitrification
Paetkau, Michelle. Cicek, Nazim (2011). Comparison of nitrogen removal and sludge characteristics between a conventional and a simultaneous nitrification-denitrification membrane bioreactor. Desalination, Article in Press. DES10534