- ItemOpen AccessVictims of Atheist Persecution, Catholic Solidarity and Refugee Protection in Vietnam: 1954-1958(Bloomsbury, 2021) Nguyen, Phi-VânIn 1954, the Geneva Conference ended the First Indochina War by dividing Vietnam into two temporary zones. Military troops had to regroup to the communist zone in the North or the noncommunist zone in the South. Civilians could also join the zone of their choice for 300 days. As a result, more than 800,000 civilians left the North to move to the noncommunist zone.
- ItemOpen AccessNegotiating (In)Dependency: Social Journeys of Vietnamese Women to Cambodia(2010) Nguyen, Phi-Vân; Gironde, ChristopheSince the issue of human trafficking is subject to judicial, moral and political contraints, this research chose to study Vietnamese sex workers in Phnom Penh as a common migration phenomenon in order to see when, how and why some women ended up in situations of bondage. On the basis of four months of research in the Mekong delta, the paper explores the journeys leading Vietnamese women to Phnom Penh. It concurs with the recent literature that debr- bonded sex work is not always an unending situation and that it could be an effective means to cope with socio-cultural pressures. We argue that, in addition to labour arrangements, some women find in sex work a way to deal with their (in)dependency with regards to their families, achieving greater control over their resources and experimenting different meanings of womanhood. Far from denying human trafficking, the paper tries to explore the grey area that lies between this extreme and voluntary migration. While the results of this research are not representative of the whole phenomenon, we argue that these few elements help explain why women keep taking the risks of migration for sex work and expose themselves to situations of bonded labour.
- ItemOpen AccessLe saccage de l'ambassade de France à Saigon de juillet 1964 : une réaction des réfugiés du Nord face à la double menace de neutralisation(2014) Nguyen, Phi-VânLa conclusion de la Conférence de Genève en 1954 mit fin à la guerre d’Indochine et imposa le repli du Corps expéditionnaire et des troupes de l’État du Vietnam au sud du 17e parallèle. La France espérait encore jouer un rôle en Extrême-Orient, mais l’ascension du très anticolonialiste Ngô Đình Diệm mit fin à ses espoirs. Peu après l’établissement de la République du Vietnam, le gouvernement français ordonna le retrait définitif des troupes en avril 1956. Dès lors, la France semblait faire partie du passé. Et pourtant, presque dix ans après avoir quitté la scène politique vietnamienne, elle continuait encore à faire l’objet de sentiments hostiles. Dès le mois de décembre 1963, les manifestations contre la présence française à Saigon se multiplièrent et culminèrent avec le saccage de l’ambassade, le 20 juillet 1964. Comment expliquer ces attaques ? Que signifient réellement ces agissements apparemment anti-français ?
- ItemOpen AccessEvidence of commitment to research partnerships? Results of two web reviews(2019-07-30) de Moissac, Danielle; Bowen, Sarah; Botting, Ingrid; Graham, Ian D; MacLeod, Martha; Harlos, Karen; Songok, Charity M; Bohémier, MoniqueAbstract Background Partnerships between academic researchers and health system leadership are often promoted by health research funding agencies as an important strategy in helping ensure that funded research is relevant and the results used. While potential benefits of such partnerships have been identified, there is limited guidance in the scientific literature for either healthcare organisations or researchers on how to select, build and manage effective research partnerships. Our main research objective was to explore the health system perspective on partnerships with researchers with a focus on issues related to the design and organisation of the health system and services. Two structured web reviews were conducted as one component of this larger study. Methods Two separate structured web reviews were conducted using structured data extraction tools. The first review focused on sites of health research bodies and those providing information on health system management and knowledge translation (n = 38) to identify what guidance to support partnerships might be available on websites commonly accessed by health leaders and researchers. The second reviewed sites from all health ‘regions’ in Canada (n = 64) to determine what criteria and standards were currently used in guiding decisions to engage in research partnerships; phone follow-up ensured all relevant information was collected. Results Absence of guidance on partnerships between research institutions and health system leaders was found. In the first review, absence of guidance on research partnerships and knowledge coproduction was striking and in contrast with coverage of other forms of collaboration such as patient/community engagement. In the second review, little evidence of criteria and standards regarding research partnerships was found. Difficulties in finding appropriate contact information for those responsible for research and obtaining a response were commonly experienced. Conclusion Guidance related to health system partnerships with academic researchers is lacking on websites that should promote and support such collaborations. Health region websites provide little evidence of partnership criteria and often do not make contact information to research leaders within health systems readily available; this may hinder partnership development between health systems and academia.
- ItemOpen AccessA Secular State for a Religious Nation, The Republic of Vietnam and Religious Nationalism, 1946-1963(2018) Nguyen, Phi-VânMost studies of the Republic of Vietnam’s nation building programs have focused on its security and economic dimensions. Yet spirituality was a fundamental element of Ngô Đình Diệm’s Personalist Revolution. This article analyzes how the Republic of Vietnam attempted to channel the religious nationalism emerging from the First Indochina War. The spiritual dimension of the Republic’s Personalist Revolution did not involve State interference in all religious activities. Instead, it promoted religious freedom and diversity, provided that the spiritual values they propagated, opposed Communism’s atheism. In practice, this framework did not succeed in creating a religious alliance against Communism. In fact, it strengthened a religious consciousness which would increasingly challenge the State, its assumption that religions opposed Communism, and the very principle of religious diversity.