Social values in public education, Manitoba, 1910-1930

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Gonick, Fay Molly
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A common approach in social history is a single insitution perspective. The particular interest of the educational institution as an area of study lies in the fact that education of the young is a crucial task in any society. The successful education of the young assures the pepetuation of a society. In a simple social organization, the education of the young may take place mainly at the knee of the mother or the side of the father in forest and field, with help from the shaman or priest. In a more complex society, education of the young takes place to a large degree in a special social institution. The concern in this study is with the social values that may be found in the public schools of Manitoba from 1910 to 1930. Through an analysis of education in the province we may get an image of society at large, but the prime focus of this study is the education institution itself. The questions provoking this study were, which social values, which cohesive and cementing social ideas, may be found in the education system in Manitoba? What socially-valued ideas, beliefs, and ideals may be seen in the education institution? What can be learned about social values by examining the education structure? That may be learned about social values by a study of the content of education? Contrary to an initial hypothesis of a congruent and systematic relationship among social values in public education, closer study showed a different picture. A detailed analysis revealed interesting incongruities, tensions and conflicts among the social values in the school...