Liquor control agencies in western Canada : a case study in administrative responsibility

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Tomac, Donald Joseph Raymond.
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The administration of liquor control legislation in the Western Canadian provinces has been characterized by the establishment of a government monopoly system of liquor control. By placing the administration of the liquor acts in the hands of semi-independent government agencies, provincial governments have, to a large extent, depoliticized the administration of a once potentially volatile political issue. This study attempts to examine the administration of liquor control legislation in the political systems of four Canadian provinces. For the purposes of this study, administrative responsibility has been defined as the sum of relationships between an administrative agency and those persons or groups outside the agency that control or influence, or attempt to control or influence, the decisions made by members of the agency. This study examines the relationships between the liquor control agencies and their respective Cabinets, Legislatures and interest groups in the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia. In this respect, this study may be considered to be a comparative analysis of the political and administrative institutions of four Canadian provinces. Although much has been advanced as to what constitutes all-encompassing forms of administrative responsibility, no consensus has been reached as to how proper levels of accountability can be maintained. This study attempts to apply a somewhat "synthesized" theory of administrative responsibility to fcur similar administrative agencies to determine the patterns of administrative responsibility that exist, and to determine whether adequate forms of control are available in each jurisdiction...