From doctrine to practice: responsibility to protect and military intervention in Libya 2011
The intervention in Libya is the best example to date to judge the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect. In 2011, public demonstrations started in Libya seeking political and economic reforms in the country. In return, the Libyan President Maummar Al-Qaddafi threatened mass atrocities in Libya. This allowed the UNSC to sanction the use of force against Qaddafi’s regime in order to protect civilians. First, under resolution 1970 (2011), the UNSC referred the case to the International Criminal Court and applied sanctions. Second, via resolution 1973 (2011), the application of force was approved for the express purpose of “protecting civilians.” This thesis assess whether the military intervention in Libya in 2011 was R2P case. This question is answered by an analysis based upon the UNSC’s Resolutions, Council’s proceedings, and other official documents.
Responsibility to Protect, Libya, Maummar Al Qaddafi, UNSC Resolution 1970, UNSC Resolution 1973, NATO, Just Cause, Right Intention, Last Resort, Proportional Means, Threshold Criterion, Precautionary Criteria