Diacylglycerol: mechanism and efficacy as a functional oil
BACKGROUND: Diaclyglycerol (DAG) oil has the potential as an effective weight control agent as well as an agent to modify overweight related complications. OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the efficacy of DAG oil (Enova oilTM) on regulating energy expenditure (EE), fat oxidation, body composition, lipid profiles and hepatic lipogenesis in comparison with conventional oils. DESIGN: Twenty-six overweight hypertriglyceridemic women consumed DAG or control oil for 28 days separated by a 4-week washout period using a randomized crossover design. Forty grams of either DAG or control oil were consumed daily by each study subject. RESULTS: DAG oil consumption for a period of 4-week does not alter total EE, fat oxidation, lean mass, fasting lipid profile or fatty acids synthesis rate, but effectively reduces (p<0.05) body weight and adiposity. CONCLUSION: DAG oil maybe an useful agent in the battle against obesity. However, its body weight/composition control effects are not from increasing of lean mass, or postprandial EE and fat oxidation. The consumption of DAG oil for a period of 4-week does not necessarily modify fasting lipid profiles or hepatic lipogenesis to reduce risk of coronary heart diseases in overweight hypertriglyceridemic subjects.
diacylglycerol, triacylglycerol, Energy expenditure, fat oxidation, lipid profiles, hepatic lipogenesis