Mental and Physical Health Outcomes in Parents of Children with Burn Injuries as Compared to Matched Controls

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Enns, Jessica
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Childhood burn injuries are common in the population and may result in many physical and mental health complications for not only the patient, but also their parents. As survival of patients with large burns increases, there is more focus on these patients' recovery. Psychological challenges due to the long term disfigurement and mobility challenges due to the scarring that can occur have the potential to impact the health of parents as well. There is limited literature that examines mental and physical health of parents after their child suffers from a burn injury. This is a population based case matched study linking together information recorded in the Pediatric burn registry at Health Sciences Centre and Children's Hospital with health and social service information in the Population Health Research Data Repository located at the Manitoba Centre for health Policy (MCHP) at the University of Manitoba. Cases were matched 1:5 with controls based on age, sex, and geographical location. ICD codes were used to identify diagnoses of various mental and physical disorders, comparing rates of disease two years prior to and two years following the date of the injury to determine relative rates. 1029 parents of burn-injured offspring and 4923 matched control parents were identified. Findings of this study show that there are increased relative rates of substance use disorder (3.45) and fractures (3.47) in the parents of burn-injured children compared to the relative rates of substance use disorder (2.86) and fractures (2.55) in the matched control parents. These findings have important clinical implications for the care of parents who have a burn-injured child.
parents of burn victims, mental and physical health outcomes