Quantification of the Spatial Organization of the Nuclear Lamina as a Tool for Cell Classification

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Righolt, Christiaan H.
Zatreanu, Diana A.
Raz, Vered
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The nuclear lamina is the structural scaffold of the nuclear envelope that plays multiple regulatory roles in chromatin organization and gene expression as well as a structural role in nuclear stability. The lamina proteins, also referred to as lamins, determine nuclear lamina organization and define the nuclear shape and the structural integrity of the cell nucleus. In addition, lamins are connected with both nuclear and cytoplasmic structures forming a dynamic cellular structure whose shape changes upon external and internal signals. When bound to the nuclear lamina, the lamins are mobile, have an impact on the nuclear envelop structure, and may induce changes in their regulatory functions. Changes in the nuclear lamina shape cause changes in cellular functions. A quantitative description of these structural changes could provide an unbiased description of changes in cellular function. In this review, we describe how changes in the nuclear lamina can be measured from three-dimensional images of lamins at the nuclear envelope, and we discuss how structural changes of the nuclear lamina can be used for cell classification.
Christiaan H. Righolt, Diana A. Zatreanu, and Vered Raz, “Quantification of the Spatial Organization of the Nuclear Lamina as a Tool for Cell Classification,” ISRN Molecular Biology, vol. 2013, Article ID 374385, 6 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/374385