Attentional bias for threat information and anxiety sensitivity in a nonclinical sample

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Borger, Sharon C.
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This study investigated the effects of Anxiety Sensitivity-(AS) on performance of the Stroop task using several distinct word categories. The conditions included words chosen to represent the following word categories: neutral, positive, depressive, physical threat, cognitive threat, and social threat. In addition, participants had one condition where they simply read color words presented in black ink, another where they named the color of color patches, and the traditional Stroop condition where they were required to name the color in which color words were presented. Participants were divided into low, medium, and high AS groups based on quartile splits from the ASI-R, and it was predicted that an ASI by word category interaction would occur on the Stroop task with groups differing in the color naming task only on the 3 anxiety threat categories, and not on neutral, positive, or depressive word categories. The dependent variables were either simple reading latencies, or indexes that were meant to controlfor general reading, proficiency (the black color word reading condition) or color naming proficiency (the condition where color patches were named). (Abstract shortened by UMI.)