Soils of the St.Eustache, Springstein, Brunkild, Southwest Perimeter and La Salle River Areas - Canada-Manitoba Soil Survey
Government of Canada
Government of Manitoba
Department of Soil Science, University of Manitoba
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This interim report and map of the detailed field and laboratory study of the soils of the St . Eustache, Springstein, Brunkild, Southwest Perimeter and La Salle River areas is one in a new series of such soil survey reports covering special interest areas in southern Manitoba . These reports reflect the growing concern by various government agencies that support the Canada-Manitoba Soil Survey, that a knowledge of the development and distribution of the soils of Manitoba is the key to understanding their properties, behavior and response to management . This concern requires that soils be described both in terms of their basic properties and the nature of the environmental setting in which they are found . Thus, when areas such as that in the study require delineation of land of high or low value for crop production or for other uses, the basic reference document is an accurate and reliable soil map. The land resource information included in this resurvey covers approximately 6 300 ha of land adjacent to the towns of St . Eustache, Springstein, Brunkild,the Southwest Perimeter Strip and La Salle River area . It includes only a fraction of the area covered in the former reconnaissance survey of the Winnipeg Map Sheet Area (Report No . 5, 1953) . However, the projected more intensive use of the soils for agriculture and the growing competition for other uses of land in the area has created a need for more up-to-date, more accurate and more detailed soil information . The increased examination of soils in the field, the use of current aerial photography, the use of improved methods of studying soils in the laboratory and the accumulated knowledge of the properties and uses of soils over the years have all contributed to the additional information contained in this new series of reports and maps . During the course of the resurvey of the study areas, a significant volume of site specific data for the soils mapped in the area was generated, that for practical reasons cannot be included in this interim report . These data are currently being input into the Canada Soil Information (CanSIS) data bank. This computerized system of data management permits automated manipulation and statistical evaluation of large volumes of data for soil characterization and interpretations. These data will shortly be available on request . In addition, the cartographic file of CanSIS provides a capability to produce derived maps of various kinds quickly and inexpensively . The types of derived maps that can be generated from the basic soil map include the sixteen interpretations that are provided in tabular form in this report as well as a number of single feature maps for such characteristics as drainage, texture of surface deposits, slope, stoniness, distribution of salinity, etc. A package of interpretive maps and single feature derivative maps can be made available on request to : The Canada-Manitoba Soil Survey, Dept. of Soil Science, Rm. 362,Ellis Bldg ., University of Manitoba, Winnipeg R3T 2N2. The Canada-Manitoba Soil Survey trusts that this report and accompanying map will be of value to all individuals and agencies involved with the use of land within the map area.