Application of CRISSP-2D finite element modelling in predicting ice formation processes upstream of the Jenpeg Generating Station
The purpose of this study is to develop, evaluate, and apply a CRISSP-2D river ice model for a highly complex reach of the Nelson River upstream of the Jenpeg Generating Station in northern Manitoba. The calibrated model is applied in a backcasting scenario to evaluate its potential of predicting the river ice regime associated with specific hydraulic and meteorologic conditions. Secondly, a real-time application is conducted in collaboration with Manitoba Hydro to forecast overnight ice conditions as part of the 2011 Ice Stabilization Program. The model is shown to be fully capable of predicting the onset and type of ice regime that occurs. Spatial variation in ice generation across the study region is accurately captured, including locations of thermal bridging and initial ice front advance. Several modelling limitations associated with parameterization limit model accuracy during the latter stages of freeze-up and are identified as enhancement opportunities.
ice, modelling, freeze-up, forecasting