A group approach to improve the well-being of elderly residents in long-term care
Enns, Christopher John
Relocation to long-term care is a stressful event for the elderly and may lead to depressive symptoms and a decreased sense of well-being. Eight residents were initially selected to participate in a "Well-being" group. Six residents completed the eight sessions. The Geriatric Depression Scale (15 item) and the Mini Mental State Examination was part of the screening process as they are included in the assessment process for the setting. Initially, a cognitive behavioural approach was used. To improve the effectiveness an empowerment model was incorporated. The group effectiveness was evaluated using qualitative data analysis: session observations and questionnaire results. Group members rated the group experience positively and suggested that the intervention addressed their needs. Findings suggest that it is more important to support people through the difficult transition to long-term care rather than treat depressive symptoms.