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Title: Occurrence and remediation of pipe clogging in landfill leachate recirculation systems
Authors: Lozecznik, Stanislaw
Supervisor: Oleszkiewicz, Jan (Civil Engineering) Clark, Shawn (Civil Engineering)
Examining Committee: Sparling, Richard (Microbiology) VanGulck, Jamie (Civil Engineering) Townsend, Timothy (University of Florida)
Graduation Date: October 2012
Keywords: pipe clogging
leachate treatment
dissolved carbon dioxide
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Waste Management 30, pp 2030-2036, Leachate treatment before injection into a bioreactor landfill: Clogging potential reduction and benefits of using methanogenesis
Bioresource technology 104, pp 37-43, Acetate and propionate impact on the methanogenesis of landfill leachate and the reduction of clogging components
Journal of Environmental Engineering 138(5), pp 562-569, Effects of turbulence and temperature on leachate chemistry
Abstract: This study investigated the changes in leachate composition and clogging evolution in leachate transmission pipes and the use of methanogenesis as a leachate treatment alternative for Bioreactor landfills, by using pilot-scale and laboratory studies. The pilot-scale study consisted of a research station built at Brady Road Landfill, housing sixteen HDPE pipes of three different diameters, conveying leachate intermittently at eight different Reynolds numbers, under reasonably controlled conditions. The pipes were tested for leachate degradation, clogging evolution and hydraulic impairment over time. The laboratory studies carried out tested (1) the effect of turbulence intensity and temperature on leachate degradation and clogging effects and (2) biological pretreatment of leachate prior to injection into a bioreactor cell. The pilot study results showed that under the conditions tested, pipes developed a significant amount of organic and inorganic clog material in less than a year of operation. Since limited quantities of fresh leachate (approx. 3 m3) were used during each leachate degradation analyses, the anticipated effects of clogging in a full scale injection system are expected to be more pronounced, which can negatively impact the long-term hydraulic performance, operation, and service life of a Bioreactor Landfill. The first laboratory study showed that increasing the turbulent energy dissipation rate caused greater amounts of CO2 evolution from the leachate, and temperature increase had an impact on dissolved Ca2+ under atmospheric conditions, affecting clog development. The second and third laboratory studies showed that performing leachate methanogenesis reduces organic (COD, VFA) and inorganic (Ca2+, ISS) clog constituents within the leachate However, the rate of methanogenesis was influenced by the ratio of acetate and propionate. It is suggested that if leachate undergoes methanogenesis in a separate leachate digester prior to re-injection into a bioreactor waste cell, it may protect the pipes and other engineered landfill systems against clogging and its detrimental effects, while allowing for CH4 recovery. However, blending of leachates from different wells or cells prior to the methanogenic digester may be needed to balance the variable concentrations and ratios of acetate and propionate over time from different landfill wells and cells.
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