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dc.contributor.supervisor Senehi, Jessica (Peace and Conflict Studies) en_US
dc.contributor.author Stobbe, Stephanie Phetsamay
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-22T17:45:03Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-22T17:45:03Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-22
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/4762
dc.description.abstract Countless millions of people in the world have little formally recognizable means for receiving any form of social justice. Laos, a small landlocked country in Southeast Asia, is a place that has seen some of the most brutal forms of poverty and violence. Over centuries, ethnic groups have been polarized and used by foreign powers to support their own agendas. In spite of this, the Lao people have consistently managed to recreate the peace and harmony that support their social relationships. Through the development and use of appropriate grassroots conflict resolution structures that do not require a formal court system, and exist outside the political arena, they have been able to resolve conflicts within and across cultural groups. Using in-depth interviews with different ethnic groups in Laos, this research examines traditional conflict resolution processes used in their communities. It identifies and discusses a Lao Conflict Resolution Spectrum, bringing particular attention to the Village Mediation Committee (Neoy Gai Geer). Laos' unique and most recognized conflict resolution ceremonies and rituals,the baci ceremony (soukhouan) and the reconciliation ceremony (soumma), are examined as tools for peacebuilding. These conflict resolution practices are significant in addressing conflict, repairing harm, rebuilding relationships, and restoring harmony to communities in conflict. The systems incorporate principles of effective conflict resolution, including transparency, accountability, inclusivity, flexibility, familiarity, accessibility, support networks, and relationship building. This research discovers how the conflict resolution systems of Laos are embedded in the fabric of grassroots life, and operate independently of the hierarchical structures that dominate governing institutions. It presents a case study of how people from a violent and impoverished past still manage to find ways to address their need for social justice and interconnectedness. The results provide greater understanding and appreciation of the contributions from diverse groups of people who are working daily to establish positive relationships, constructive and appropriate conflict resolution systems, and overall peace in their world. It demonstrates where peace can be found in difficult situations, among people who care little for political agenda and care a great deal about existing harmoniously with the people in their communities in order to mutually raise their quality of life. en
dc.subject conflict resolution en
dc.subject mediation en
dc.subject rituals en
dc.subject reconciliation en
dc.subject Laos en
dc.subject Southeast Asia en
dc.subject cross-cultural en
dc.subject multi-ethnic en
dc.subject culture en
dc.subject traditional processes en
dc.subject indigenous processes en
dc.subject conflict resolution spectrum en
dc.subject peacebuilding en
dc.subject peace and conflict studies en
dc.subject ceremonies en
dc.subject grassroots en
dc.subject informal conflict resolution systems en
dc.subject customary laws en
dc.title Traditional conflict resolution processes: mediation and rituals to address conflicts in multi-ethnic cultures of Laos en
dc.degree.discipline Peace and Conflict Studies en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Wiens, John (Education) Judd, Ellen (Anthropology) Witty, Cathie (University of North Carolina at Greensboro) en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US
dc.description.note October 2011 en_US


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