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dc.contributor.author Mishtak, John David en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-06T18:13:56Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-06T18:13:56Z
dc.date.issued 1958 en_US
dc.identifier ocm72793923 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/4689
dc.description.abstract Previous studies have indicated that movements of watermains in the Winnipeg area are of sufficient magnitude to cause flexural failures in corrosion weakened watermains. It was suspected that the type of backfill material, state of density of the backfill, and techniques of backfilling and compacting had an appreciable effect on the resulting movements. A field investigation was conducted to study backfill material, obtain quantitative densities in backfill and for comparison, in adjacent undisturbed soils; effects of various methods of compaction were also studied. Results indicated that densities produced were highest when the backfill was compacted by mechanical apparatus then decreased as compacted by the hand tamper and water jetting, loosely placed backfill compacted at surface by moving tractor, and by hand tamping, respectively. Trial compaction by the Barco Rammer compactor resulted in densities higher than those produced by any other method of compaction and higher than densities in undisturbed soils. It was concluded that to backfill and compact in the ideal manner required a very strict moisture content and compaction control, the cost of which would be prohibitive. However, suggestions were made for improvements in the manner of backfilling and compacting which it is believed would effectively lower the number of flexural breaks in watermains and reduce maintenance costs. en_US
dc.format.extent 82 leaves : en_US
dc.format.extent 12830082 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language en en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights The reproduction of this thesis has been made available by authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research, and may only be reproduced and copied as permitted by copyright laws or with express written authorization from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.title Winnipeg watermain backfill studies en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.degree.discipline Civil Engineering en_US


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