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Contributions to our knowledge of sex and the differentiation of species in the higher fungi : a series of papers submitted as a thesis to the University of Manitoba

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dc.contributor.author Newton, Dorothy Elizabeth en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-06T18:11:55Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-06T18:11:55Z
dc.date.issued 1932 en_US
dc.identifier ocm72794777 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/4638
dc.description.abstract In 1918 Mlle Bensaude, employing experimental and cytological methods, proved conclusively that the phenomenon of heterothallism occurs in the Hymenomycetes. She isolated two monospororous mycelia of Coprinus fimetarius and found that they remained in the haploid (primary) condition during eight months of continuous cultivation, without any sign of fruiting, but that when they were paired they united and produced a diploid (secondary) clamp-bearing mycelium which fruited readily. In 1919 Kniep showed by experiment that Schizophyllum commune is heterothallic, and stated that many other Hymenomycetes also exhibit this sexual condition. Further discoveries of heterothallism in Hymenomycetes have been made: by Kniep, working with Aleurodiscus polygonius; by Miss Mounce, working with Coprinus lagopus and C. niveus; by Vandendries, working with Collybia velutipes, Hypholoma fasciculare, Panaeolus campanulatus, P. separatus (=Anellaria separata), P. fimicola, and Coprinus radians); and by Brunswik working with sixteen species of the genus Coprinus. In papers published in 1921 and 1922, Miss Mounce first definitely established that the phenomenon of homothallism occurs in the Hymenomycetes. She made monosporous cultures of Coprinus sterquilinus and of C. sterocorarius and found that the mycelia soon developed clamp-connexions and subsequently produced perfect fruit-bodies. She succeeded in growing C. sterquilinus in pure monosporous cultures for seven successive generations..... en_US
dc.format.extent 1 v. (various pagings) : en_US
dc.format.extent 8038522 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language en en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights The reproduction of this thesis has been made available by authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research, and may only be reproduced and copied as permitted by copyright laws or with express written authorization from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.title Contributions to our knowledge of sex and the differentiation of species in the higher fungi : a series of papers submitted as a thesis to the University of Manitoba en_US
dc.degree.discipline Botany en_US


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